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Vocabulary for IELTS – health

Holistic Definition: Relating to the whole rather than just individual parts; considering the physical, mental, and emotional aspects of health. Example 1: “Holistic medicine takes into account the patient’s lifestyle and emotional well-being.” Example 2: “She believes in a holistic approach to health, combining exercise, nutrition, and mindfulness.” Vitality Definition: The state of being strong, active, and full of energy. Example 1: “Regular exercise contributes to a sense of vitality and well-being.” Example 2: “With improved sleep, her vitality and productivity have increased.” Resilience Definition: The ability to recover quickly from illness, stress, or adversity. Example 1: “Yoga and meditation help build emotional resilience.” Example 2: “His resilience allowed him to overcome the challenges of a demanding job.” Immunization Definition: The process of making a person immune to a disease, typically through vaccination. Example 1: “Immunization campaigns have significantly reduced the prevalence of certain diseases.” Example 2: “Make sure to get your flu immunization before the start of the flu season.” Epidemic Definition: The rapid spread of a disease that affects a large number of people within a specific community or region. Example 1: “The government took swift action to contain the COVID-19 epidemic.” Example 2: “The flu epidemic resulted in a surge of hospital admissions.” Pandemic Definition: An outbreak of a disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects an exceptionally high proportion of the global population. Example 1: “The Spanish flu pandemic of 1918 had devastating consequences worldwide.” Example 2: “COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization in March 2020.” Inoculate Definition: To introduce a vaccine or a disease agent into the body to produce immunity to a specific disease. Example 1: “The nurse will inoculate the children against measles at the health center.” Example 2: “Before traveling to certain regions, it’s essential to be inoculated against specific diseases.” Antibiotics Definition: Medications used to treat bacterial infections by killing or inhibiting the growth of bacteria. Example 1: “The doctor prescribed antibiotics to treat the patient’s sinus infection.” Example 2: “Overusing antibiotics can lead to antibiotic resistance, making infections harder to treat.” Symptomatic Definition: Having or showing symptoms of a particular disease or medical condition. Example 1: “In the early stages, COVID-19 can be asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic.” Example 2: “She decided to stay home when she felt symptomatic to avoid spreading the flu.” Chronic Definition: Persisting for a long time or constantly recurring. Example 1: “Chronic stress can have adverse effects on both physical and mental health.” Example 2: “He manages his chronic pain through a combination of medication and physical therapy.” Terminal Definition: Relating to a disease or condition that cannot be cured and is likely to lead to death. Example 1: “The patient was diagnosed with terminal cancer and entered hospice care.” Example 2: “Despite her terminal illness, she remained positive and focused on making the most of her time.” Rehabilitation Definition: The process of restoring someone’s health and abilities after an illness or injury. Example 1: “After surgery, he underwent a period of rehabilitation to regain mobility.” Example 2: “The rehabilitation center provides specialized care for stroke patients.” Remission Definition: A period during which the symptoms of a disease are reduced or disappear. Example 1: “The patient’s cancer is in remission, and regular check-ups are scheduled.” Example 2: “With proper treatment, some autoimmune diseases can go into remission.” Endoscopy Definition: A medical procedure that uses an endoscope to examine the internal organs or tissues of the body. Example 1: “The doctor recommended an endoscopy to investigate the cause of the stomach pain.” Example 2: “During the endoscopy, the gastroenterologist identified and removed polyps.” Diagnosis Definition: The identification of a disease or medical condition based on its signs and symptoms. Example 1: “The accurate and timely diagnosis allowed for early treatment.” Example 2: “The doctor ordered several tests to confirm the diagnosis.” Prognosis Definition: The likely outcome or course of a disease; a forecast of the future condition of a patient. Example 1: “The prognosis for the patient’s recovery is positive.” Example 2: “The doctor discussed the long-term prognosis with the patient and their family.” Genetic Definition: Relating to genes or heredity, particularly regarding the inheritance of certain traits or diseases. Example 1: “Certain cancers have a strong genetic component.” Example 2: “Genetic testing can identify the risk of developing certain conditions.” Preventive Definition: Intended to stop something undesirable from happening; measures taken to avoid illness or disease. Example 1: “Regular exercise and a healthy diet are essential for preventive health.” Example 2: “Vaccination is one of the most effective preventive measures against infectious diseases.” Palliative Definition: Relieving pain or alleviating the symptoms of a disease without curing it. Example 1: “The palliative care team focuses on improving the patient’s quality of life.” Example 2: “Palliative treatments aim to manage pain and discomfort in terminally ill patients.” Recovery Definition: The process of returning to a normal or healthy state after an illness or injury. Example 1: “With proper rest and treatment, her recovery from the surgery was swift.” Example 2: “Support from family and friends plays a vital role in the recovery process.” Therapy Definition: Treatment intended to relieve or heal a health condition, especially through medical or psychological methods. Example 1: “Physical therapy helped improve her mobility after the accident.” Example 2: “Cognitive-behavioral therapy is effective in treating anxiety disorders.” Well-being Definition: The state of being comfortable, healthy, and happy, both physically and mentally. Example 1: “Meditation and mindfulness practices contribute to overall well-being.” Example 2: “Workplace policies that promote work-life balance are essential for employee well-being.”

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