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IELTS Task 2 Writing Question and Model Answer (Tourism)

IELTS Task 2 Writing Question and Model Answer (Tourism)

What are the advantages and disadvantages for a country or area to be reliant on tourism as a source of income? Do you think that the advantages of tourism outweigh its drawbacks for these places?

In this IELTS Task 2 Writing Question, the candidate is required to discuss both the advantages and disadvantages for a place reliant on tourism and to also make a judgement call as to whether the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.

Before you read the model answer that follows, write some notes about how you could structure this essay. The best approach is to start with several advantages, then move on to several disadvantages, then present your opinion on which outweighs the other.

Compare your ideas with the model answer that follows.

Tourism has emerged as an industry on which many regions are financially heavily reliant. While it brings forth numerous returns, it also carries inherent problems that necessitate careful consideration.

One significant advantage of tourism lies in its economic benefits. It injects foreign currency into local economies, generates employment opportunities across various sectors, and fosters infrastructural development to accommodate visitors which also benefits local communities. Moreover, tourism often promotes cultural exchange and understanding, enriching both hosts and guests alike.

However, this reliance on tourism can lead to several negative issues. Firstly, it creates a vulnerable economy susceptible to fluctuations in tourist numbers, seasonal variations, and global crises such as unfavourable exchange rates, global recession, pandemics or political instability. Additionally, poorly managed rapid tourism development may strain local resources, degrade natural environments, and erode traditional cultures due to commercialisation.

Despite these drawbacks, the benefits of tourism can indeed outweigh the negatives if overseen effectively. Governments and local authorities can implement sustainable tourism practices to mitigate environmental degradation and preserve cultural heritage. Diversifying the economy to reduce dependence solely on tourism can also provide a buffer against economic shocks; this is particularly important in an increasingly unstable world.

In conclusion, while there are undeniable advantages to utilising tourism as a source of income, it is essential to acknowledge and address the accompanying concerns. By striking a balance between maximising the benefits and minimising the drawbacks through sustainable practices and economic diversification, countries and regions can successfully utilise the potential of tourism as a means for socio-economic development.


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