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10 useful words relating to transport to use in your IELTS exam

10 useful words relating to transport to use in your IELTS exam

Here are some useful words that you could use in your IELTS exam responses if you are asked to talk or write about transport.

Cycle lane (noun) a division of a road marked off with painted lines, for use by cyclists.

Commute (verb) to travel back and forth regularly between home and workplace or another destination, such as school or university.

Conurbation (noun) a large, continuous urban area formed by the merging of several cities or towns, typically characterised by a dense population and interconnected infrastructure.

Freight train (noun) also called a goods train or cargo train, a railway train that is used to carry cargo, as opposed to passengers.

Infrastructure (noun) the fundamental physical and organisational structures and facilities needed for the operation of a society or enterprise including transportation, communication, energy, water supply, sewage, and public services.

Pedestrianise (verb) to create an area or zone where vehicle traffic is restricted or entirely prohibited, allowing only pedestrians to walk freely.

Public transit (noun) a system of transportation that is available for use by the general public. It typically includes services such as buses, trains, trams, subways, and ferries, operated by government agencies or private companies.

Ridesharing app (noun) mobile applications that connect passengers with drivers who are willing to provide transportation services using their personal vehicles; for example, Uber, Lyft, and DiDi.

Toll road (noun) also known as a tollway or turnpike, a roadway or section of highway where motorists are required to pay a fee, or toll, to use the road.

Traffic congestion (noun) a situation when traffic flow is slowed significantly, often due to too many vehicles on the road for the infrastructure to manage.


Can you complete the following sentences using one word from the list for each answer? Use the correct form of the word and make sure your answer competes a grammatically correct sentence!

1. ………………….. provide a quicker route for those willing to pay.

2. The expansion of …………………… encourages travelling by bicycle as a sustainable mode of transport.

3. …………………….. play a crucial role in transporting goods across vast distances.

4. …………………….. in London includes buses, trains, and the Underground.

5. The city centre has been ……………………….. to reduce traffic congestion.

6. The vast size of the …………………….. in the region has led to complex transportation challenges.

7. …………………… often causes huge delays in metropolitan areas.

8. A well-maintained ……………………… is crucial for safe and timely transportation of people and goods.

9. …………………………. have transformed the way people travel by car for business and pleasure in urban areas.

10. Many people ……………………. to work by train every morning.


Answers

1. Toll roads provide a quicker route for those willing to pay.

2. The expansion of cycle lanes encourages travelling by bicycle as a sustainable mode of transport.

3. Freight trains play a crucial role in transporting goods across vast distances.

4. Public transit in London includes buses, trains, and the Underground.

5. The city centre has been pedestrianised to reduce traffic congestion.

6. The vast size of the conurbation in the region has led to complex transportation challenges.

7. Traffic congestion often causes huge delays in metropolitan areas.

8. A well-maintained infrastructure is crucial for safe and timely transportation of people and goods.

9. Ridesharing apps have transformed the way people travel by car for business and pleasure in urban areas.

10. Many people commute to work by train every morning.

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