What are participle clauses?

Want to save your progress and get access to all the courses on this site? Become a full member!

What are participle clauses?

Participle clauses are used to shorten sentences in order to say something more economically.

For example:

BASIC: Jim walked past the old school. He got to the shop.

PARTICLE CLAUSE: Walking past the old school, Jim got to the shop.

With regards to the IELTS test, participle clauses are very important as they help you demonstrate a range of grammar and are often considered more formal.

There are three common types of participle clause:

Present participle (the +ing form) Walking past the old school, Jim got to the shop.
Past participle (third form of the verb) Founded in 1912, the club has a long history.
Perfect participle (having + third form) Having finished their homework, the boys went out to play.

The past participle clause is used in a passive form.